Tourism is defined as the activities of the tourist peoples which used to travel and stay in different place other than their usual environment for the leisure purpose, business purpose or any other purpose. The tourists are those peoples who for their business activities or for leisure activities or any other activity travel from their usual place to other place for not more than one year.
The tourism industry is defined as the industry that is mainly associated with the travel and the tourism operations. It includes the hotels, the hospitality businesses,, businesses associated with the national as well as the local travel, transport related activities, tourist destinations, guides, and many more.
The tourism activities are having much impact on the economy of the nation, of the local people, the environment, and the socio culture environment of the nation. The tourism activities are having both the negative as well as the positive impacts on the economy of the nation, of the local people, the environment, and the socio culture environment of the nation.
Here in this guide, we are going to discuss on the tourism and their economical, environmental, as well as the socio cultural impact on the nation and its local peoples.
Tourism and Tourism industry
The tourism is the sector that deals with the tourists and their activities. The tourism industries are the companies and the businesses that mainly deal with the tourism related activities. The primary aim of the tourism industry is to offers the goods and services to the tourist peoples and provide them good experience as the guest in their nation or the region.
Impacts of tourism
The tourism is having multiple impact on the nation and the peoples of the nation. The impacts of tourism includes the economic impact of the tourism, the environmental impact of the tourism, and the socio cultural impact of the tourism.
The economical impact of the tourism
The tourism industry is having both the positive as well as the negative impact on the economy of the nation as well as the local people. Though it is seen that the tourism and its related activities are having positive impact on the economy of the nation, but they are also having some negative impact on the economy of the nation as well as the local peoples.
The positive impacts of the tourism on the economy of the nation and the host peoples include:
The tourism activity is reported to generate several employment options for the local peoples from the host country. The tourism activities needs the hotels, travel and transport services, guides for demonstrating the tourist destinations, hospitality, and many more in order for enhancing the experience of the tourists. These all activities requires the human power in order for enhancing the tourists’ experience and thus helps in generating several employment opportunities. It is reported that more than 11 % of the peoples from India and a significant percent of the population are employed because of the tourism industry.
The tourism activity also contributes in the growth of the GDP of the nation. When the tourist visit the tourist destination in the host country, they pay for the services. This over all results in the income of the host people offering the services, and it ultimately lead to the growth in the GDP of the nation.
Further, the tourism also helps the country in making and earning money with the help of the foreign currency exchange. When the tourist from any foreign country visit the touristic destination, it leads them to bring the foreign currency to the host nation. This helps the host country to earn money from the foreign exchange currency.
The negative impacts of the tourism on the economy of the host nation include:
It increases the dependability of the local people for the employment options. And, any national as well as international tragedy that has impact on the tourism industry snatches the jobs from millions of people. For example, the COVID – 199 pandemic lead to the lose of job of millions of people from all around the world in the tourism industry.
Also, the tourism industry is leading to the closure of many traditional business options and the traditional employment options. Many of the people quit their traditional employment option and have adopted the tourism industry for the employment. This is increasing the dependability of the nation for income as well as employment on the tourism industry and the tourists from the different nations.
The impact of tourism on the environment of the host country
When it comes to environment and the tourism industry, it is generally perceived that the tourism industry is having the negative impact on the environment of the host country. Though it is true that the tourism is one of the major cause for the negative impact on the environment, but it is having some positive impact as well.
The positive impact of the tourism on the environment is that it influences the government of the nation to conserve and preserve their natural diversity and the natural assets along with planting more trees for making the environment pleasant and attractive for the tourists.
The negative impact of the tourism on the environment includes the increased pollution. Also, for developing the infrastructure, there are more deforestation which is causing soil erosion, loss of habitats of the wild animals making them endangered, and many more.
The impact of tourism on the socio culture of the host country
The tourism industry is having both the positive as well as the native impact on the socio culture of the host country. It helps in encouraging the preservation of the heritage and the heritage culture for attracting tourists. But over crowding is also causing the poor sanitation.
The bottom line
So these are some impacts of the tourism on the economy, environment, and the socio culture of the host country.