Monday, 27 June 2022

Relationship Between Teaching and Learning

 Teaching is the process of making others learn. It is of two types that includes the formal learning and the informal learning. Both the formal as well as the informal teaching are the communication process where the teacher shares the information and knowledge to the learners. But there is much difference in between the formal and the informal teaching methods. The formal teaching is mainly limited to the class rooms. On the other hand, the informal teaching are much beyond the boundaries of the classroom and can be facilitated anywhere.

In the formal teaching, there is need for following many kinds of rules and regulation. Also, the formal education requires following of certain standards as stated by the education system. On the other hand, the information education do not involves any kind of rules regulations, and standards. It is simpler process with teacher, learner, and sharing of the knowledge.

The formal teaching is facilitated by the professional and well qualified teacher only. While on the other hand, the informal teaching do not requires the well qualified teacher with the license. Also, the formal learning is mainly one way learning where the professional and licensed teacher teaches the new concepts and knowledge to the student. But, in the informal education, the teacher many times shares their new concepts and many time gains the concepts from others as well. The teachers are not always teachers in the informal teaching. Many time teacher skilled in one particular topic become learner in order for gaining information and knowledge associated with other topics.          

Formal Teaching

Informal Teaching

Limited to Class room boundaries

Not limited to the class room boundaries

More rules and regulations

No certain rules and regulations

Need to follow the standards

No such standards

One way teaching

Two way teaching

Time boundation, can be facilitated in classroom hours

No time boundation

Facilitated by qualified and licensed professionals

Qualified teacher is not necessary

Teacher is always teacher

Teacher can be learner


Functions of Teaching Process

The functions of the teaching process involves diagnosis the gap, teaching for filling the gap, and then the evaluation of the learner. The functions of teaching are as follow:

Identifying the Gap

This is the first step where the teacher should identify what is needed to be teaching to the student. It involves testing of the learner in order for gaining how much they are knowing already and what to be taught.


This is the primary function of the teaching practice where the teacher teaches the students in order for gaining and learning them new concepts as well as new skills. 


This is the last but not least step in the teaching practices. Though this step is generally avoided in the informal teaching, but is considered to be most crucial in the formal teaching practices. It involves evaluating the learner that what they have gained after the teaching process.

Relationship Between Teaching Practices and Learning Practices

    • Like teaching, the learning can also be both formal as well as informal. The formal learning involves learning and gaining insights in the classroom. While on the other hand, the informal learning involves gaining experiences and insights outside the classroom.
    • Teaching and learning process are complementary to each other. It is not possible to perform any of the practice without the other one. For the teacher to teach there is always the need for the learner and vice versa.
    • Both the teachings as well as the learning practices are goal oriented. The goals are also complementary to each other in these practices. The teaching goals involve making the student gain a particular knowledge and similarly the learning goals involves learning of particular concepts.
    • Communication is required for both the learning as well as the teaching process.
    • The good learners with faster skills learning are more likely to become the good teacher. The teacher once were always learners and the good learner can be become a good teacher (Kamiya, 2014). 

Difference Between Teaching Practices and Learning Practices

    • Teaching involves giving the information while the learning involves gaining the information.
    • The primary difference between teaching and learning is that the teaching process involves the teacher that shares their knowledge with the learner. On the other hand, the learners in the learning process gain the information and knowledge from the teacher (Singhal, 2017).
    • In terms of authority, the teachers are having comparatively higher authority in comparison to the learners.
    • The teacher always needs learners or the students in order for imparting and sharing their knowledge. While on the other hand, learner do not always needs the teachers as learning can be done with the experiences, and digital tools.
    • Also, learning can be done when two learners communicates and share their skills and information.
    • The teachers in the education system are known to be qualified and licensed professional with higher qualification in comparison to the learner. On the other hands, the learners are those who are having low or no information on a particular topic and thus gaining skills and information from the teacher.
    • Learning is possible up to the last breath. On the other hand, teaching is possible even after the death. Many of the professionals who have written their books are teaching even after their life.    
    • The population of teachers are often less in comparison to the learner. One teacher can share their knowledge and information with multiple of learners. 


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