Teaching and Learning

 Teaching is a kind of communication idea which is meant for make others learning some new concepts. While on the other hand, learning is the act of gaining new knowledge and information. Both the teaching and learning process are complementary to each other and are primary for forming the base of mental growth of the individual. The learning as well as the teaching practices both is crucial for the mental growth of the individual and for actualizing the behavioural changes. Both the learning and teaching combindly form the base of the education system where the students or the learner gain new knowledge and the tutor spread the new information and knowledge.

Teaching Practices

Teaching is the practice of offering knowledge to the learners. It is derived from the English word which refers to showing or pointing out. While thinking about the teaching, the first thing comes in the mind is the classroom where the teacher is teaching the students. Well, this is right up to much extent, but teaching is not limited to the classrooms, lesson, and the formal course. It is much wider.

Basically, teaching includes all the practices where the learners get the option to learn something new. It can be seen outside the formal classroom where the farmer or any other professional get the information and learns for using the new technology, etc. Teaching can be defined as the communication process where the teachers share the skills, new information, and knowledge to the learner allowing the pupils or the students to gain more knowledge and skills.

Teaching can be divided in two forms that include:

    • Formal Teaching
    • Informal Teaching

Formal Teaching

Formal teaching is defined as the process of teaching within the formal class rooms. The formal teaching involves the teacher, class room, and students where the teacher teaches the new lessons within the particular course to the students. It is formal teaching practice which is majorly limited to the classrooms only. Many times, teaches takes their students out of the classroom for more adventure learning and for exploring the world. This also comes under the formal teaching as the concepts taught ate within the particular course.

The formal teaching is basically the class room based teaching practice and it involves the teaching facilitated by the licensed professional only. This teaching process involves the teaching of the pre determined course curriculum for the mental growth as well as development of the students.

In the formal teaching practices, there is need for following the particular rules of the education system. All the students as well as the teachers are required to follow the rules, course curriculum, and the particular standards of the education system. The formal teaching is one way teaching where the teacher is the one who shares the information and teaches to the learner.

Informal Teaching

The informal teaching is much wider concepts associated with teaching and learning in comparison to the formal teaching. The information teaching is having no regulations and is not limited to the classrooms and the formal standards. The informal teaching is also having very less regulations and standards. It involves only a teacher and the student where the teacher is the one who gives the information and student is those who are learning. The informal learning is the two ways learning where the teacher sometimes gains information and knowledge from the learners as well.

In the informal teaching, there is no particular classroom and education institute. The informal teaching is generally facilitated anywhere in the field area. Also, in the informal teaching, there is no particular time boundation as well as rules and regulation. The teacher in the informal learning is also doing not need to be professional. Anybody with more knowledge or information on a particular topic can be the teacher who teaches and shares the information with the learner.

Also, in the informal teaching, the teacher is not necessarily always the teacher. Many time, the teacher also become the learner in order for gaining as well as learning new concepts from others.

Learning

Learning is the process of gaining new knowledge and information. The learning word also derived from the old English language which refers to gaining new concepts, skills, or information. The learning process enables the individual in gaining new talent and information associated with the particular topic. Basically, learning can be defined as the process of acquisition of new concepts and learning or it involves modification of the existing knowledge in order for updating it.

The criteria of learning involve behavioural changes, can be positive or negative, and gained by new insights and experiences. The learning causes behavioural changes in the individual. The behavioural changes after the learning generally last for long time and often the complete life. Though the learning is generally for inducing the positive behaviours in the learner, but it can lead to negative changes in the behaviour as well. The negative changes as well as the positive changes in the behaviour of the learner primarily depend on the teacher and the content being taught.       

Types of Learning

Like teaching, learning can also be formal and informal. The formal learning is inside the class room and the informal learning is outside the boundaries of the class room. Other then this classification, learning can be classified as constructive learning, experiential learning, and the cognitive learning.

Constructive Learning

The constructive learning involves application of the constructive approaches where the learner with their prior information as well as knowledge and the new learning synthesizes the new understanding. This kind of learning is mainly seen in school and teaching institutes where the student with their prior knowledge and newly gained information constructs new understandings.

Experiential Learning

   The learning process involves transformation of the experiences into the new understanding and concepts. This is generally applicable in the field learning where the learner does not need the teacher, but learns from the real time incidents and experiences. The experiential learning is highly effective as it lead to better understanding and mental growth.

Cognitive Learning

The cognitive learning involves observing others, taking instructions from the teacher, and mimicking the behaviour of the teacher. It is an effective learning method that involves observation, learning, and practice that lead to forever lasting concept building.