Concept of the university management

 University management refers to the concept that all the managers do the same job regardless of the little, management level, position, and many more. In simple word, all the principle of management is the same irrespective of the level of organization. It indicates the manager applies the same principle and skills at all levels of business and different business positions. The transferability of management skills is across countries and industries. But the job of managers differs with the business. Every business required a manager with their particular requirement such manager for survives in unique operations, for the political environment, manager for using different technology. However, there are still considerable controversies about the universality of management process and function. The management has covered worldwide command and acceptability. There are many different points of view about the applicability of management knowledge applicable everywhere or not. There are different opinions of the scholars on the University of Management. Here in this guide, we will discuss the arguments for the university and against as well. 

Arguments for university 

Many supporters say that the basis of management is the same and it can be suitable for all organizations and any nation also. There are some arguments for universal management. 

Management process 

The fundamental of management is the same for every business planning, organizing, staffing, making strategy, leading, controlling, and many more. These are functions that are important for every organization, they are performed by the manager irrespective of the type of business. The process of management is the same for every business and every nation also. 

Applicability of management knowledge 

The management knowledge is almost the same in every business. There are certain things that every manager needs to consider in business irrespective of the area and business. Some things apply to every business and the arguments are listed below.

Culture bounded management is argued by the different economists that every country has different cultures and depends on economic development. Culture includes attitude, tradition, beliefs, and values of society. There are variances in personality traits, and educational, social, political, and economic standards are also different. Since the management process is people-oriented, there is always possible that the application of management principles will always affect by these factors. However, if the basic rules under management operation are varying on nation then the common strategy will not be applicable.

  • Different objectives 

The management is required according to the business's determines. Different businesses have different objectives and goals so the management is linked with the objective. The experiences of management, skills, and competence can neither transferable nor applicable to every business and every situation also. Only analytical knowledge and administrative types of skills can transfer.

Differences in the philosophies 

There is a lot of difference in philosophies of business. Philosophies refer to the general concept and integrated attitudes. A manager can adopt specific philosophy on a particular object, but it is not necessary the same philosophy for every situation of the business. Adopting any philosophy requires different kinds of managerial techniques. According to researchers, no individual could be a great manager in religious, academic, military, and many more because each person is different and one could not able to encompass so much. 

Philosophies exert different influences on management working. They cannot choose one principle that is applicable universally. There are some common rules, principles, and many more that can be applied universally. Like human resources and the applicability of human resources can same but the uses can be different for different objectives? On the other hand, some people cannot differentiate between fundamental management and techniques. They are against universal management based on techniques of management. Techniques differ from person to person and organization to organization, nation to nation but the basics can remain the same. 

Management skills and principles transferable

The management skill and principles can transferable from organization to organization, person to person. When the principle and skills can transfer then they can be applied universally. The skills of a manager are developed through education and training. It same for everyone but the uses of skills can different. Every person can acquire this knowledge everywhere but the one condition if the management is universal. 

The argument in opposition to universal management 

Some experts feel the management cannot be universal because of the cross culture of nations. They also give an argument that one principle can not apply to every situation and field. Some strong arguments show that universal management is not applicable everywhere. 

  1. Cultural difference: Culture is one of the most important factors that affect business strategy. Business strategies include the traditional, religious, and cultural aspects that will not treat scientific temperaments. The differences in culture also restrict business management. 
  2. Objective difference: every business has its object and goals. Some businesses required skilled, professional, experienced managers for their desired goals. So the skills and experience are not transferable to person to another person. Thus universal management approach does not apply to different objectives. 
  3. Environmental changes: every business does not have the same environment at the workplace. So businesses are highly affected by the environment. Environment affects the strategy of business and principles of the business. Thus the universal management approach is not suitable in this situation also.