Tuesday, 19 July 2022

Evaluation of the human resources management

 Human resources are considered as the most important assets of the business for achieving the desired goals of the business. Human capital refers to man power of business who perform all the business activities. Businesses can use effectively potential human resources for creating a climate that can persistently identify the goals for the business and complete all their efforts. If the business wants success in its goals then they need the best team of human resources. In todays era, business uses many HRD techniques for effective management. This unit provides information for understanding the concept of the human resources development system, a related different era of the mechanism, and the changing boundaries of human resources development. Many eras can classify the evaluation and development of human resources which are following.

The era of the trade union movement 

At the time of the factory system, the condition of the works is very pathetic. After the First World War, the condition of workers became worst. When economic intervention happened then they would consider the worker's situation and try to protect the interest of the workers. Under the commission of labor in India, they set up a committee that performs the Recruitment function along with the settle down all the grievances of workers. After that workers started making groups and associations that were called trade unions for improving their working conditions. The aim of trade unions was the safe grading the interest of workers, prevent exploitation, and solve their problems such as stopping exploitation the child labor, long hours of working, poor working conditions, poor working environment, and many more. These unions do strikes, boycotts, slowdown work, and sabotages for accepting their valid demands by the employers. these activities of the trade unions are providing benefits regarding grievance handling, employee benefits program, collective negotiation, and many more. 


The era of social responsibility 

Earlier 20th century, employers' points of view were changed towards workers. The business adopts the humanistic approach towards the workers. The business realized that if they want better results from the work then they need to provide better working conditions, give them training, and make them skillful for better results. The business has to give better working conditions like facility of showers, toilets, reducing the long working hours, and many more. Businesses need to consider workers as part of the family and treat them fairly. This approach will help to get better results from human resources and strengthen the human resources also.

The era of scientific management 

This concept was introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor in the USA in the early 20th century. This provides an alternative to the prevailing system of management by incentives. The main focus of this concept is classified into four parts that are following. 

  • Businesses should use scientific methods in setting work standards, setting a fair period of work, and pushing them to the best way of work.   
  • Selection of works depends on the skills of works and adds provision of training, and gets maximum efficient work. 
  • Division of work is very important for business. The clarity in work division between the employers and workers. 
  • A business needs to focus on creating a bond with their work is very important because that will secure performance of work according to their jobs and tasks.

Other than that, businesses need to attach some rewards system for effective work of works that will motivate employees with efficiency. Human capital is the most important source of maximizing the profits of business and growth. 

The era of human relation 

Human resources are the only assets that can connect with felling, emotions, attitude, attachment, and many more. Many experts express their feeling and opinion regarding human capital like creating a good bond between superiors and subordinates. Superior need to take care of the needs of their subordinates, favorable attitude towards work, consider their opinions in business, give them job security, and many more. These activities help in making relationships with their employees. 

The era of behavioral science 

Behavioral sciences refer that a happy and satisfied worker is done productive work for the organization. It believes human behavior help in achieving an efficient performance for business. There are several kinds of research are done by the experts on basis of the disciple of society, anthropology, and social psychology. Behavioral science contributes mainly in the areas of motivation, communication, leadership, organization culture, group dynamics, adoption of changes in the organization, and many more. Behavioral science also focuses on the psychological and social aspects of human behavior in an organization. 

Management of human resources era 

When a large number of employees work together for one goal then it is very important to manage effectively. Business feels that they need to appoint someone who took after the needs of workers and work for their welfare of them. With time the competition is also increased in terms of knowledge, talent, and tetchiness of management of human resources where people are not treated on basis of physiology and social psychology. The complexity of the human resources department increased and makes a separate department that works for providing the best facility to human resources. 


In this guide, mentioned all the eras of human development evolved with time in India. This will help you to understand how human resources evolved with time and what the significance of human development evolution is.   









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